Tax Lien

IRS Tax Liens


A notice of federal tax lien gets filed by the IRS when you neglect or fail to pay a tax debt. A federal tax lien is the government’s legal claim against your property. The lien attaches to all of your property including real estate, bank accounts, financial assets, cars, boats, and retirement accounts.

Once the tax lien is filed you won’t be able to sell or refinance your home without paying off the value of the lien. If a lien is filed against your business, the lien attaches to all business property including equipment and accounts receivable. If you want to avoid a tax lien you should not ignore notices or letters from the IRS and should attempt some type of settlement or payment arrangements. If you file for bankruptcy notice of tax lien will usually continue after the bankruptcy.


Contact us today to schedule your free consultation.

IRS Penalties And Tax Liens


The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is responsible for collecting taxes and enforcing tax laws in the United States. Taxpayers who fail to meet their tax obligations may face penalties and tax liens from the IRS.

Penalties are charges imposed by the IRS for failure to comply with tax laws, while tax liens are legal claims against a taxpayer’s property as security for unpaid taxes. These consequences can have a significant impact on a person’s financial stability and creditworthiness.

Types of Penalties

There are various types of penalties that the IRS may impose on taxpayers, depending on the nature of their non-compliance. The most common types of penalties include:

  1. Failure to File: This penalty is imposed when a taxpayer does not file their tax returns by the designated due date or filing extension deadline.
  2. Failure to Pay: This penalty is applied when a taxpayer does not pay their taxes in full by the due date, including any additional amounts owed after an audit or adjustment.
  3. Accuracy-Related: This penalty is imposed on taxpayers who substantially underreport their income, overstate deductions, or take frivolous tax positions.
  4. Fraud: This penalty is applied when a taxpayer intentionally files a false tax return with the intent to evade taxes.



Relief Options

If a taxpayer has been assessed penalties by the IRS, there are several relief options available to help reduce or eliminate these charges:

  1. Penalty Abatement: Taxpayers can request abatement of penalties if they have a reasonable cause for their non-compliance, such as a serious illness or natural disaster.
  2. First-Time Penalty Abatement: This relief option is available to taxpayers who have had a clean compliance history for the past three years and are requesting abatement of failure to file or pay penalties.
  3. Offer in Compromise: Taxpayers can settle their tax debt for less than the full amount owed through an Offer in Compromise (OIC). This option is usually reserved for taxpayers who cannot afford to pay their tax liabilities in full.
  4. Installment Agreement: The IRS may allow taxpayers to pay their outstanding tax debt in monthly installments if they are unable to pay the full amount at once.
  5. Currently Not Collectible: In certain cases, the IRS may designate a taxpayer’s account as Currently Not Collectible (CNC), meaning they are temporarily unable to pay their tax debt due to financial hardship. This status suspends collection activities until the taxpayer’s financial situation improves.



What is a Tax Lien?

A federal tax lien is a legal claim against a taxpayer’s property, including real estate, personal assets, and financial accounts. The lien serves as security for the unpaid tax debt and can be filed by the IRS after a taxpayer has been assessed a tax liability and fails to pay it.

A tax lien can have serious consequences, including:

  • Damaging Credit Score: A tax lien can negatively impact a person’s credit score, making it difficult to obtain loans or credit in the future.
  • Difficulty Selling Property: A tax lien can make it challenging to sell property or assets, as the lien must be paid off before a clear title can be transferred.
  • Wage Garnishment: The IRS can use the tax lien to garnish wages and other sources of income until the tax debt is paid in full.



Removing Tax Liens

Taxpayers have several options to remove a tax lien on their property, including:

  1. Paying the Tax Debt: The simplest way to remove a tax lien is by paying the full amount owed. Once the debt is paid in full, the IRS will release the lien within 30 days.
  2. Offer in Compromise: If a taxpayer qualifies for an OIC, they can request the lien be withdrawn as part of the agreement.
  3. Discharge of Property: In some cases, the IRS may discharge a specific property from a tax lien if it is determined that doing so would facilitate the collection of the tax debt.
  4. Subordination: Taxpayers can request a subordination of the lien, which allows other creditors to move ahead of the IRS in terms of collecting from the taxpayer’s assets.


Dealing with IRS penalties and tax liens can be a stressful and overwhelming process. It is recommended that taxpayers stay compliant with their tax obligations and seek professional assistance if they are facing penalties or liens.

By understanding the types of penalties, relief options, and methods for removing tax liens, taxpayers can better navigate the complexities of the tax system and protect their financial well-being.


What’s the Difference Between a Levy and a Lien?

A tax levy is the legal seizure of your property to satisfy a tax obligation. The distinction between a lien and a levy is that whereas a lien merely claims ownership of your property, a levy actually takes it.

The IRS can levy your wages, bank account, or other property. Remember, levies are different from liens. A tax lien is a claim against your property and may make it difficult to sell or refinance your home. A levy actually seizes and sells your property.



IRS Definition of a Tax Lien:


A federal tax lien also referred to as a “tax debt,” is the government’s legal right to your property when you ignore or fail to pay an outstanding tax obligation. The lien safeguards the government’s interest in all of your assets, including real estate, personal property, and financial assets. After the IRS:

  • Assigns your debt to the books (estimates your liability);
  • The IRS may also contact you by mail. You will receive a letter in the mail, which explains how much you owe (Notice and Demand for Payment), as well as a bill from the IRS (Letter 3065).
  • The IRS generates a public record, the Notice of Federal Tax Lien, to notify creditors that the government has a legal right to their money.


More information about Federal Tax Liens:


If you don’t pay a tax debt that meets lien-filing requirements, the IRS files a tax lien against your property and your rights to it in order to secure the government’s legal right to your property and assets.

A lien filing does not guarantee that the IRS will seize your possessions. It simply ensures that the IRS gets priority rights to your property over other creditors.

A federal tax lien has several negative consequences, including the following:

  • It has an impact on your ability to obtain credit.
  • It has an impact on your ability to obtain a loan.
  • Reduces your capacity to sell or transfer real estate.


The IRS generally tries to collect outstanding taxes before it files a federal tax lien. If you don’t pay, the IRS may file a lien if you don’t respond appropriately. However, the IRS does not have to send numerous notifications before filing a lien, so you could miss the initial correspondence and forget about it. Don’t let this happen to you.



If the IRS files a Notice of Federal Tax Lien, it means that:


  • The IRS assessed the tax and sent you a notice and demand for payment, which you ignored;
  • You haven’t paid or made arrangements to pay your taxes; and,
  • The federal tax lien gives the IRS a legal claim to your property and assets.


The IRS will generally file a tax lien if you owe more than $10,000 and don’t intend to pay all of your taxes within six years. The IRS will almost always file a tax lien if you owe more than $50,000 whether or not you’re in an arrangement to pay.



There are several options to avoid a federal tax lien.


  • The first is self-evident: Make full payment to the IRS, as well as any fines and interest.
  • The second is to get into an installment agreement before the IRS files a lien.
  • The third way to avoid a federal tax lien is to request what’s called a “withdrawal.”


A withdrawal removes the public record of the lien, making it easier for you to obtain credit and loans. The IRS may grant a withdrawal if:

  • The debt is paid in full;
  • You enter into an installment agreement;
  • The statute of limitations on collecting the debt has expired;
  • There are other special circumstances.


If the IRS files a lien, it’s important to take action to avoid the negative consequences. Get help from a tax professional if you’re unsure of what to do.



Hand Shake
BBB Rating

Franskoviak Tax Solutions meets BBB Accreditation Standards which include a commitment to make a good faith effort to resolve any consumer complaints.


Team of Experts on Staff

We have a team of experienced Licensed Enrolled Agents and Certified Public Accountants (CPAs). Our team is all on staff and in-house.


Millions of Dollars in Tax Debt Resolved

We are extremely proud of our small team of tax experts and enrolled agents who have resolved millions of dollars in tax debts for our clients.


Secure & Trusted

Franskoviak Tax Solutions is committed to providing a safe and secure site that you can trust. We take your privacy seriously. We do not sell or share your information with third parties.


Frequently Asked Questions
About IRS Tax Relief Solutions (FAQ)

What happens when the IRS puts a lien on you?

The IRS puts a lien on your property when you don’t pay your tax debt.

This protects the government’s interest in your property. If you don’t pay or make arrangements to settle your tax debt, the IRS can levy, seize and sell any type of real or personal property that you own or have an interest in.

The government may also garnish your wages or take money from your bank account to pay your tax debt. You should contact the IRS as soon as possible if you think you might have a tax problem so that you can avoid these collection actions.

How do I check for IRS liens?

If you owe taxes to the IRS and haven’t made other arrangements to pay the debt, it’s worth investigating whether you’re subject to a federal tax lien. You can find out by calling the IRS’s Centralized Lien Unit or assigning your tax advisor permission to call on your behalf.

How long is an IRS tax lien good for?

10 years

IRS Tax Liens: Expiration Without Payment of Tax Debt

At the very least, IRS tax liens endure for 10 years. In most cases, the lien will continue until you either pay your debt in full or the statute of limitations expires.

The 10-year clock on IRS tax liens begins ticking from the date the agency files a Notice of Federal Tax Lien (NFTL). The notice is filed after you neglect or refuse to pay your taxes after receiving a Notice and Demand for Payment from the IRS.

If you do not pay your taxes within 10 years, the lien may be extended indefinitely. However, the IRS may release the lien before 10 years if you pay your debt in full or enter into an approved payment plan. You may also request a Certificate of Discharge of Property from Tax Lien, which removes the lien from a specific piece of property.

If the statute of limitations has expired, the IRS may still collect your debt by issuing a levy on your wages or bank account or seizing other assets.

Learn more about how to deal with IRS tax liens.

Does a tax lien show up on your credit report?

No. Tax liens no longer appear on your credit reports since the three major credit bureaus no longer maintain tax lien records. This means that a tax lien will not impact your credit scores or affect your ability to get new credit.

If you have a tax lien, it’s important to take care of it as soon as possible. Not only can the IRS charge you interest on the amount you owe, but they can also seize your assets if you don’t pay. You may also have trouble getting new credit if you have a tax lien since lenders will see it as a sign that you’re not good at managing your finances.

How long does it take the IRS to seize property?

Following public notification, the IRS will generally wait at least 10 days before selling your property. The expense of seizing and selling the property is paid for through the revenue from the sale, which also covers your tax debt. The IRS must follow strict rules and procedures for both the seizure and sale of your property.

If you have questions about the seizure process or believe that your rights have been violated, you should contact a qualified tax professional immediately.

Why does the IRS offer hardship programs?

The IRS has a number of ways to assist taxpayers in financial hardship, such as lowering their tax liability, giving them extra time to pay, or a combination of both. Tax experts are familiar with collaborating with the IRS to find solutions that are beneficial to both the agency and taxpayers.

Do You Qualify For an IRS Hardship Program?

It’s stressful to be audited by the IRS. Learn whether you qualify for an IRS hardship program and how to apply.

If you can’t pay your taxes, the IRS offers several payment options, including a short-term extension and an installment plan. If you qualify for an IRS hardship program, you may be able to get some relief from penalties and interest.

The IRS Fresh Start program is designed to help taxpayers who are having difficulty paying their taxes. Under the program, the IRS may:

  • Offer a short-term extension of time to pay
  • Set up an installment plan for paying your tax debt
  • Waive penalties and interest

To qualify for an IRS hardship program, you must demonstrate that you are unable to pay your taxes and that you have made a good-faith effort to comply with tax laws. The IRS will consider your income, expenses, and assets when determining whether you qualify for a hardship program.

Learn more and get a free consultation from Franskoviak Tax Solution tax experts.

What is another name for an IRS tax lien?

The federal tax lien, often known as the “statutory lien” or “silent lien,” is a legal mechanism that allows the IRS to seize assets and charge taxes. The term lien is sometimes used interchangeably with the filed notice of a lien’s existence (i.e., NFTL).

A public document revealing the tax lien is filed in order to protect the IRS’s interest and to notify other creditors of the taxpayer’s indebtedness. The lien attaches to all property and rights to property, including real estate, personal property, vehicles, accounts receivable, insurance proceeds, successfully sued upon claims, commodities futures contracts, and securities.

How much do you have to owe the IRS before you go to jail?

In general, you will not go to prison if you owe the IRS. Back taxes are a surprisingly prevalent occurrence.

Americans owed over $114 billion in back taxes, penalties, and interest in 2020, according to the most up-to-date statistics from the Internal Revenue Service.


What Our Clients Say’s About us

Steven D. – Attorney – Offer In Compromise

Owed IRS: $937,769, Settled $33,000 a settlement rate of 3.5%!

“Franskoviak Tax Solutions provides the best in class customer service.  The team is responsive, professional, and always available to answer questions. I would never go anywhere else for my tax issues.”

Anonymous – Grosse Pointe

Owed $638,995, Settled $161,815

“Excellent service…I would recommend the services at Franskoviak to any of my family, friends, and colleagues… Having this issue resolved means so much to me as it has removed a huge amount of stress from my life… [They have] great communication skills and all of my questions were answered promptly whether I needed an email or phone call response, they were always answered… The communication made the process move smoothly.”

Dawn. D – Tax Audit Defense and Penalty Abatement Services Project Manager Waterford, MI

“I am super thankful to have a firm that I can trust, thank you!”

Anonymous – Insurance Agency Coordinator, Michigan

Owed $91,867, Settled $9,985

“I contacted Franskoviak Tax Solutions regarding outstanding taxes (IRS & State)… I was able to get an Offer in Compromise from both the IRS & State… Mike Franskoviak and John Foran are accounting professionals with the knowledge and experience necessary to complete such difficult tasks… John Foran is great to work with. He does not forget or miss anything when it comes to dealing with the IRS or the State of Michigan. He follows up on every detail… They go above and beyond to get the job done…I wouldn’t trust anyone else with these matters.”



Robert R. – IRS Offer In Compromise General Laborer Flint, MI

Owed $134,003, Settled $12,168, a savings of 90%

“Franskoviak Tax Solutions is AWESOME! Especially if you have tax problems. They have a lot of professionalism and it feels as though the staff at Franskoviak Tax Solutions really does care about us.”

Restaurant – IRS Offer In Compromise Payroll Taxes Northern MI

Owed $228,990.80, Settled $26,000, a savings of 89%

“It was successful; Franskoviak Tax Solutions got everything done. It was a huge weight lifted off my shoulders. It was handled very timely, everything was submitted right away. They were on top of it.”

Bryan M. – State of Michigan Offer in Compromise Capac, MI

Owed $181,311, Settled $28,878, a savings of 84%

“Franskoviak Tax Solutions did a good job handling my case. Everything was always clear, and they helped me out a lot. They were able to take care of the problem, help me not owe so much on my taxes, and take away the burden.”

Jason K. – IRS Offer In Compromise Restaurant Owner Northern MI

Owed $124,684.10, Settled $2,000, a savings of 98%

“It was successful; Franskoviak Tax Solutions got everything done. It was a huge weight lifted off my shoulders. It was handled very timely, everything was submitted right away. They were on top of it.”

Drew – IRS Offer in Compromise Hudsonville, MI

Owed $48,484, Settled $2,795, a savings of 94%!

“Franskoviak Tax Solutions saved my butt and helped get the monkey off my back. They did a great job saving me money and keeping me out of jail.”

Realtor – State of Michigan Offer in Compromise Royal Oak

Owed $6,047, Settled $285, a savings of 95%

“I cannot thank both you and John enough for all of your hard work on my behalf! It is truly a game changer and hopefully the magic touch to get me back on my feet after my horrible divorce and custody battle.”

Randy S. – IRS Offer in Compromise Troy, MI

Owed, $50,918.70, Settled, $5,802.68, A savings of 88%!

“Franskoviak Tax Solutions helped me get past a stressful time in my life. They did their job and I’m very happy with the result. I am happy I get to move on.”

Scott B. Realtor Wayne County, MI

Owed $165,070 – Installment Agreement with IRS & State of Michigan

“Franskoviak Tax Solutions has phenomenal professionalism!  From the first sit down with Mike, he put me at ease.  He minimized my tax liabilities and gave me peace of mind.  Everyone in the office is amazing, and they make tax preparation absolutely easy.”

Gerych’s Green House Inc. – IRS Offer in Compromise Fenton, MI

Owed $885,357.60, Settled $84,590.10, a savings of 90%!

“I am incredibly happy with the team over at Franskoviak Tax Solutions. They helped me settle my case with the IRS. They are responsive and do a good work. They are always transparent, and I appreciate the relationship that we have/continue to build.”

Gloria M. – State of Michigan Offer in Compromise Redford, MI

Owed $43,337, Settled $500, saving her $42,837 / 99%

“Franskoviak Tax Solutions were very professional. Whenever I called, I always got an answer… they were always there for me. It wasn’t an easy road but when I won my appeal… it was a very happy day! I will be sticking with Franskoviak Tax Solutions for all my Tax needs.”

Pin It on Pinterest